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REVIEW: Photobiological Principles of Therapeutic Applications of Laser Radiation

Yu. A. Vladimirov*, A. N. Osipov, and G. I. Klebanov

Department of Biophysics, Russian State Medical University, ul. Ostrovityanova 1, Moscow 117513, Russia; fax: (7-095) 246-4630; E-mail: yuvlad@newmail.ru

* To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received September 30, 2003
Laser therapy based on the stimulating and healing action of light of low-intensity lasers (LIL), along with laser surgery and photodynamic therapy, has been lately widely applied in the irradiation of human tissues in the absence of exogenous photosensitizers. Besides LIL, light-emitting diodes are used in phototherapy (photobiostimulation) whose action, like that of LIL, depends on the radiation wavelength, dose, and distribution of light intensity in time but, according to all available data, does not depend on the coherence of radiation.
KEY WORDS: laser radiation, phagocytes, heme protein