[Back to Issue 10 ToC] [Back to Journal Contents] [Back to Biochemistry (Moscow) Home page]
[View Full Article] [Download Reprint (PDF)]

Oxidative Stress and Formation and Maintenance of Root Stem Cells

V. B. Ivanov

Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Botanicheskaya ul. 35, 127276 Moscow, Russia; fax: (495) 970-8018; E-mail: ivanov@ippras.ru

Received May 24, 2007
The hypothesis of L. Feldman and his coworkers, according to which a more oxidizing environment in the cells of root quiescent center results from high activity of ascorbate oxidase activated by indoleacetic acid (IAA) accumulating in these cells, is discussed. The high activity of ascorbate oxidase is responsible for lowered concentrations of the reduced form of ascorbic acid and glutathione and high content of reactive oxygen species in quiescent center cells. The oxidative stress represses proliferation of the cells. Inhibitors of IAA transport attenuate the oxidative stress, thus suggesting a role of IAA as an activator of ascorbate oxidase. Interestingly, the high concentration of IAA in dividing cap cells adjacent to the quiescent center cells did not cause retardation of cell proliferation and oxidative state in these cells.
Key words: oxidative stress, stem cells, quiescent center, meristem, root, ascorbate oxidase, IAA

DOI: 10.134/S0006297907100082