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MINI-REVIEW: Molecular Mechanisms and Function of the p53 Protein Family Member – p73

G. Melinoa

Department of Experimental Medicine, TOR, University of Rome Tor Vergata, 00133 Rome, Italy

Received August 14, 2020; Revised August 14, 2020; Accepted August 19, 2020
Over 20 years after identification of p53 and its crucial function in cancer progression, two members of the same protein family were identified, namely p63 and p73. Since then, a body of information has been accumulated on each of these genes and their interrelations. Biological role of p73 has been elucidated thanks to four distinct knockout mice models: (i) with deletion of the entire TP73 gene, (ii) with deletion of exons encoding the full length TAp73 isoforms, (iii) with deletions of exons encoding the shorter DNp73 isoform, and (iv) with deletion of exons encoding C-terminal of the alpha isoform. This work, as well as expression studies in cancer and overwhelming body of molecular studies, allowed establishing major role of TP73 both in cancer and in neuro-development, as well as ciliogenesis, and metabolism. Here, we recapitulate the major milestones of this endeavor.
KEY WORDS: p53, p53 family, p73, cancer, ciliogenesis, metabolism, neurobiology

DOI: 10.1134/S0006297920100089