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Received June 15, 2020; Revised October 1, 2020; Accepted October 2, 2020
Ribosome is a molecular machine that synthesizes all cellular proteins. It also is a target of about half of the clinically used antibiotics. Adaptive chemical modification of ribosomal RNAs residues is one of the ways to provide resistance to certain antibiotics. A curious example of such modification is 2,8-dimethylation of A2503 in 23S rRNA, which induces resistance to phenols, linkosamides, oxazolidinones, pleuromutilins, and certain macrolides. In this article the effect of 2,8-dimethylation of A2503 on conformation and mobility of RNA residues of the 70S E. coli ribosome was investigated employing molecular dynamics simulations method. Significant alterations were detected both in the immediate environment of the 2503 23S rRNA residue and in the nucleotides located deeper in the nascent peptide exit tunnel (NPET), which are known to be involved in signal transmission from the antibiotics bound in the NPET to the peptidyl transferase center. These alterations shift the ribosome towards the A/A, P/P-state from the conformationally different state – P/P, E/E one in our case. The obtained results allow us to conclude that the effect of m2m8A2503 modification involves additional stabilization of the A/A, P/P-state favoring the peptidyl transferase reaction (PTR) contrary to antibiotics that inhibit PTR.
KEY WORDS: ribosome, resistance, antibiotics, A2503, molecular dynamics