* To whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received June 6, 2021; Revised August 9, 2021; Accepted August 9, 2021
The review presents current data on carbonic anhydrases found in various compartments of photosynthetic cells of higher plants. The available data on expression of genes some of carbonic anhydrases and its dependence on environmental factors and plant age are considered. The existing hypotheses on the functions of carbonic anhydrases of plasma membrane, cytoplasm, as well as of stroma and thylakoids of chloroplast, first of all, the hypothesis on participation of these enzymes in supplying carbon dioxide molecules to ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase (Rubisco) are analyzed. Difficulties of establishing physiological role of the plant cell carbonic anhydrase are discussed in detail.
KEY WORDS: carbonic anhydrase, higher plants, photosynthesis, chloroplasts, thylakoids