Received September 16, 2021; Revised October 4, 2021; Accepted October 5, 2021
Y-box binding proteins (YB proteins) are multifunctional DNA/RNA-binding proteins capable of regulating gene expression at multiple levels. At present, the most studied function of these proteins is the regulation of protein synthesis. Special attention in this review has been paid to the role of YB proteins in the control of mRNA translation and stability at the earliest stages of organism formation, from fertilization to gastrulation. Furthermore, the functions of YB proteins in the formation of germ cells, in which they accumulate in large amounts, are summarized. The review then discusses the contribution of YB proteins to the regulation of gene expression during the differentiation of various types of somatic cells. Finally, future directions in the study of YB proteins and their role in ontogenesis are considered.
KEY WORDS: Y-box binding proteins, YB-1, development, maternal-to-zygotic transition, mRNPs, protein synthesis, translation