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Mini-REVIEW: Eukaryotic Translation Termination Factor 1 Associates with Protein Phosphatase 2A and Targets It to Ribosomes

K. Lechward1, S. Zolnierowicz1*, and B. A. Hemmings2

1Intercollegiate Faculty of Biotechnology UG-MUG, Kladki 24, 80-822 Gdansk, Poland; fax: +48-58-301-03-81; E-mail: staszek@biotech.univ.gda.pl

2Friedrich Miescher Institute, Maulbeerstrasse 66, CH-4058 Basel, Switzerland; fax: +41-61-697-39-76; E-mail: hemmings@fmi.ch

* To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received July 10, 1999
Purification of type 2A protein phosphatase (PP2A) from rabbit skeletal muscle resulted in the isolation of a trimeric phosphatase which is composed of a catalytic (PP2Ac), a structural (PR65alpha/Aalpha), and a regulatory (PR55alpha/Balpha) subunit, together with translation termination factor 1 (eRF1) and another protein of 55 kD (EMBO J., 15, 101-112). Yeast two-hybrid system analysis demonstrated that the eRF1 interacted with PP2Acalpha but not with PR65alpha/Aalpha or PR55alpha/Balpha. The N-terminal region of PP2Acalpha, comprising 50 amino acid residues, and the C-terminal part of eRF1, corresponding to an internal region between amino acids 338-381, were found to be necessary for eRF1--PP2Acalpha interaction in yeast. Immunoprecipitations using 12CA5 antibodies and extracts from COS1 cells transiently transfected with eRF1 tagged with 9-amino acid epitope from influenza hemagglutinin (HA) demonstrated the presence of eRF1--PP2Acalpha--PR65alpha/Aalpha complex in these cells. In addition, polysomes obtained from COS1 cells overexpressing HA--eRF1 displayed several-fold higher PP2A activity than control polysomes. No effect of either PP2Ac or dimeric and trimeric PP2A holoenzymes on the rate of translation termination was detected using an in vitro reconstituted translation termination assay. In summary, eRF1 appears to represent a novel PP2A-targeting subunit that brings this phosphatase in contact with putative ribosomal substrate(s). It remains to be established whether termination of translation requires dephosphorylation of participating protein factor(s).
KEY WORDS: protein phosphatase type 2A, eukaryotic translation termination factor 1, protein purification, the yeast two-hybrid system, co-immunoprecipitation, termination of translation, polysomes, COS1 cells, transient transfection