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Cytokine Profile in Children with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

A. P. Toptygina1,2*, E. L. Semikina3,4, G. V. Bobyleva1, L. V. Miroshkina3, and S. V. Petrichuk3

1Gabrichevsky Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology, ul. Admirala Makarova 10, 125212 Moscow, Russia; fax: +7 (495) 452-1830; E-mail: toptyginaanna@rambler.ru

2Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Biology, 119991 Moscow, Russia

3Scientific Center of Children Health, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, 119991 Moscow, Russia

4Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, 117997 Moscow, Russia

* To whom correspondence should be addressed.

Received July 2, 2014
Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) characterized by immune reactivity against microbial and auto-antigens. This work was designed to study the cytokine profile in blood serum and coproextracts of children with CD and UC. The studied patients consisted of 17 children with CD (group I), 17 children with UC (group II), and 18 controls with intestinal dysbiosis (group III). The diagnosis of UC and CD was based on accepted clinical and endoscopic criteria. The levels of 13 cytokines (IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-17A, TNF-α, TGF-β, and IFN-γ) were determined in blood sera and coproextracts of the patients and controls using the BioPlex technology. The level of IL-17A was significantly increased and that of TGF-β was significantly decreased in the blood serum of the patients with IBDs. Changes in the cytokine profile in the coproextracts affected the wider spectrum of cytokines. The levels of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-12p70, TNF-α, and IFN-γ) were increased 6-9-fold, whereas the level of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 was increased 3-fold. The cytokine balance was shifted to the proinflammatory cytokines. The TGF-β level was increased 9-fold and that of IL-17A was increased 3-fold. Thus, the cytokine profile in the coproextracts was more informative than that of the blood serum. The determination of cytokines in coproextracts is simple and noninvasive.
KEY WORDS: cytokines, interleukin, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, children

DOI: 10.1134/S0006297914120116